Collapse Statistics
241 human active and 13 inactive phosphatases in total;
194 phosphatases have substrate data;
336 protein substrates;
83 non-protein substrates;
1215 dephosphorylation interactions;
299 KEGG pathways;
876 Reactome pathways;
last update: 11 Mar, 2019



Name glycogenC00182
Download: mol | sdf
Synonyms0Animal starch;
Liver starch;
Definition A polydisperse, highly branched glucan composed of chains of D-glucopyranose residues in alpha(1->4) glycosidic linkage, joined together by alpha(1->6) glycosidic linkages. A small number of alpha(1->3) glycosidic linkages and some cumulative alpha(1->6) links also may occur. The branches in glycogen typically contain 8 to 12 glucose residues.
Molecular Weight
(Exact mass)
666.5777 (666.2219)
Molecular Formula C9H13N2O9P
SMILES OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H]1O)n1ccc(=O)[nH]c1=O
InChI InChI=1S/C9H13N2O9P/c12-3-4-6(14)7(20-21(16,17)18)8(19-4)11-2-1-5(13)10-9(11)15/h1-2,4,6-8,12,14H,3H2,(H,10,13,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
Crosslinking annotations KEGG:C00182 | CAS:9005-79-2 | ChEBI:28087 | NIKKAJI:J98.335G | PubChem:3482

Pathway ID Pathway Name Pathway Description (KEGG)
map04922Glucagon signaling pathwayGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase blood glucose, glucagon promotes hepatic glucose output by increasing glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis and by decreasing glycogenesis and glycolysis in a concerted fashion via multiple mechanisms. Glucagon also stimulates hepatic mitochondrial beta-oxidation to supply energy for glucose production. Glucagon performs its main effect via activation of adenylate cyclase. The adenylate-cyclase-derived cAMP activates protein kinase A (PKA), which then phosphorylates downstream targets, such as cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and the bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/ fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (one of the isoforms being PFK/FBPase 1, encoded by PFKFB1).